Laoag City Makes Boodle Fight World Record

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos shared a meal with Laoag City Mayor Chevylle Fariñas and Vice Mayor Michael Fariñas during the world record-breaking 4.5 kilometer-long boodle fight table held in celebration of the Laoag City Fiesta (Pamulinawen Festival) on February 27, 2015 More »

Accenture branch to rise in Ilocos Norte, to bring more quality jobs

Recognizing Ilocos Norte’s great potential as an alternative Information Technology Business Process Management (IT-BPM) destination, Accenture, one of the world’s largest management consulting, technology services and outsourcing companies, is set to open its branch in the province this year. Benedict Hernandez, Lead of Accenture Operations Delivery Center in the Philippines, More »

Paoay’s Guling-guling becomes a nat’l festival, showcases centuries-old faith and resiliency of Ilocanos

Thousands of people filled the streets leading to the picturesque Paoay Church on February 17 as the townsfolk celebrate the annual Guling-guling Festival, reaffirming the 600-year old tradition of faith and resiliency of Ilocanos. In keeping with the town’s Catholic roots, the festivity is traditionally held the day before Ash More »

Young Ilocanos embrace the 600-year old “Guling” traditions

Each year, more and more young Ilocanos are observed engaging themselves to participate at the magnificent celebration of Guling-Guling, a festival depicting the age-old tradition of the people of Paoay, Ilocos Norte. The festivitiy which is traditionally held the day before the Ash Wednesday marks the last day when the townsfolk could More »

PGIN distributes scholarship stipend to new set of Sirib youth leaders

As part of the efforts of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) to eliminate extreme poverty by prioritizing programs on education, Governor Imee Marcos welcomed a new set of Sirib youth leaders scholars during the awarding of their stipend last February 11, 2015 at the Provincial Capitol Auditorium. Gov. More »

Of old and new: “Guling-Guling” shines through centuries

Fat Tuesday, which marks the last merriment among Catholics before the start of the Lent season, has been a tradition widely forgotten by many Filipinos except for the people of the heritage town of Paoay, Ilocos Norte, who have altogether upheld a localized version for centuries. Guling-guling Festival is a religious More »

PGIN to honor young Ilocanos thru 2nd Sirib Youth Awards

One hundred twenty outstanding young Ilocanos will be recognized by the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte as this year’s Sirib Youth Awards is set to be held on February 14, 7PM, in front of the Provincial Capitol. “On its second year now, this event is organized by the Sirib Youth More »

Ilocos Norte PNP launches Police C.A.R.T

The Police Community Assistance and referral team or C.AR.T. was launched February 4 by Governor Imee Marcos with the Ilocos Norte Philippine National Police during their 24th foundation anniversary in Camp Valentin Juan, Laoag City. The Police C.AR.T. allows the deployment of Police Patrollers in areas of convergence, tourist destinations or More »

PGIN tops DSWD’s 1st Gawad Listahanan Awards

In its effort to accelerate the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in the province by improving the delivery of service and assistance to the poor, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has been recognized by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) in its very first More »

I. Norte celebrates 197th founding anniversary, gears up to be ‘the best little province in the country’

A bright and innovative vision for the province continues as the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte celebrates its 197th Foundation Anniversary on February 02, counting down to its bicentennial movement this coming 2018. ‘Carry on the tradition of leadership, heroism and excellence’ Highlighting this year’s celebration was the comeback of the More »

Ilocos Norte honors SAF son slain in Maguindanao encounter

In honor of Ilocos Norte’s son PO2 Omar A. Nacionales and other 43 Special Action Forces (SAF) commandos killed in Maguindanao last Sunday, the Provincial Government led by Governor Imee Marcos held a memorial mass and a wreath-laying ceremony this morning. Hundreds of provincial police force led by Provincial Director More »

Manang Imee’s Capitol Express adds new program to support Ilocano farmers

A new initiative has been integrated in Manang Imee’s Capitol Express (CapEx) on December 9, 2014 as the program continues to bring frontline services of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte more accessible to the Ilocanos. ‘Kadiwa (rolling stores) ni Manang Imee’, the name aptly given to the new program More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)