Ilocos Norte’s Himala sa Buhangin Festival to pay tribute to Da King

Ilocos Norte, a fast-growing center for film tourism, will once again be a host to a number of upbeat music and art installations with the return of Himala sa Buhangin this May 1, 2015 at the Sand Dunes. After unveiling the sculpture of Elsa from the internationally-acclaimed and iconic Filipino More »

Ilocos Norte’s Himala sa Buhangin! Festival to exhibit world-class avant-garde art installations

As the Himala sa Buhangin! Festival makes its third year comeback on May 1, the majestic expanse of the Paoay Sand Dunes will be transformed once again into a haven of avant-garde art installations. Governor Imee R. Marcos believes that the Ilocanos are given the chance to be exposed to world-class artworks More »

Himala sa Buhangin! Festival will feature sand sports adventures, draws more tourists in Paoay

The vast land of Paoay Sand Dunes is welcoming hundreds of thousands of tourists since the Himala sa Buhangin! Festival kicked off last May 2012 which featured unique and thrilling sands sports adventures in the country. According to the Ilocos Norte Tourism Office, the Paoay Sand Dunes is one of the most More »

Himala sa Buhangin! Festival brings jobs, boosts local economy

As the Himala sa Buhangin! Festival continues to prosper on its third year, the biggest and most recognized outdoor arts and music festival in the north is again set to provide more employment opportunities for the locals of Ilocos Norte. Himala sa Buhangin! features Ilocos Norte’s sand sports adventures such as the 4X4 More »

I. Norte reaches 350,000 tourist arrivals during Holy Week, expects more than 1.5 million tourists for summer season

With Ilocos Norte attaining its highest number of tourist arrivals during the summer season last year, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) reported an influx of 350,000 tourists during this year’s Holy Week, aiming to hit more than 1.5 million in the number of foreign and local travellers in More »

Ilocos Norte ensures success in hosting APEC meeting

As the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) gears up for the influx of tourists for the summer season, Governor Imee R. Marcos kicks off the preparation to ensure success of the province’s hosting of the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET), a subcommittee of the Asia-Pacific More »

Iskolar Ni Manang Imee graduates as magna cum laude

Allan Dave Patubo of the Mariano Marcos State University College of Industrial Technology, who will be graduating as magna cum laude, expressed his thanks to the “Iskolar Ni Manang Imee” Program of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) for being a big part of his success. Patubo, together with More »

Bigger Tri Ilocos Nort3 attracts local and international competitors, highlights Northern summer adventure

Emerging from a successful race last year, the much-awaited ‘Tri Ilocos Nort3,’ a triathlon series promoting ‘sportourism’ in Ilocos Norte as its racecourses highlighted many of the province’s famous tourist landmarks, kicked-off on March 28. In its third year now, the triathlon race which featured triathletes from the different parts More »

UNESCO World Heritage Site Paoay Church hosts Ilocos Norte’s Earth Hour celebration

Joining the worldwide effort in raising awareness on and addressing environmental issues, the UNESCO World Heritage Site Paoay Church hosted the Earth Hour celebration in Ilocos Norte on Saturday, March 28, 2015. Paoay Church, a centuries-old edifice, is famously known for its distinct architecture highlighted by the huge buttresses on More »

Ilocos Norte welcomes Black Nazarene, thousands expected to pay homage

As the Province of Ilocos Norte prepares for the Lenten season, thousands of Ilocano devotees are expected to join the procession of the revered Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno of Quiapo or Black Nazarene at 3 p.m. on March 27, Friday around the city of Laoag. “Considered by many Filipinos as More »

PGIN holds forum on agricultural resiliency, seeks immediate solution to El Niño threats

Following the conduct of the first Ilocos Norte Water Summit, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) together with the provincial office of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Ilocos Norte Water District (INWD) held an Agricultural Resiliency Forum on March 17 at Provincial Capitol. As the water summit, conducted More »

PGIN honors Mamasapano SAF survivors as ‘modern Ilocano heroes’

PGIN honors Mamasapano SAF survivors as ‘modern Ilocano heroes’ Governor Imee R. Marcos led an honorary tribute on March 10 for SPO1 Allan Lampitoc Franco and PO2 Jovalyn Lozano, both with Ilocano roots who are two of the few Special Action Force (SAF) commandos who survived the Mamasapano encounter last More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)