Manang Imee’s Capitol Express adds new program to support Ilocano farmers

A new initiative has been integrated in Manang Imee’s Capitol Express (CapEx) on December 9, 2014 as the program continues to bring frontline services of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte more accessible to the Ilocanos. ‘Kadiwa (rolling stores) ni Manang Imee’, the name aptly given to the new program More »

Ilocos Norte’s Christmas celeb to highlight fourth “tupig” cookfest

Ilocanos will again pay homage to their traditional Christmas rice cake in line with Paskua Mi Ditoy (This is how we celebrate Christmas), the province’s annual series of activities to celebrate the Holiday season, December 13, 2014. Dubbed as the “Fourth Solid North Tupig Cook-off”, the event aims to boost More »

Fourth Tan-ok ni Ilocano Festival hailed a success, benefits SMEs

Drawing more than 50,000 local and balikbayan spectators, the biggest gathering in the north dubbed as “Tan-ok ni Ilocano Festival of Festivals” has successfully raised almost half million pesos for the Small and Medium Enterprises (SME’s) in the province. Held on November 29, 2014 at the Ferdinand E. Marcos Stadium, this grand More »

First Ilocos Norte Water Summit offers solution to looming water crisis

Civic participation in the centre of planning over water management  Billed to push for a long-term water management plan in the province, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) together with Ilocos Norte Water District (INWD) and provincial office of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) has successfully conducted on November 27, More »

Ilocos Norte Capitol and Laoag City Hall joint Christmas tree lighting

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos and Laoag City Mayor Chevylle Fariñas led the ceremonial lighting of Christmas trees at the Capitol and City Hall on December 5, 2014. (Photo by PGIN CMO / Alaric A. Yanos) More »

More quality BPO careers now available in the province

Expert Global Solutions Opens Ilocos Site Ilocos Norte’s potential as an information technology and business process management hub has been finally realized as Expert Global Solutions (EGS), a global leader in Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), officially opened and commenced operations on Friday, November 21 at Ilocos Norte Centennial Arena. Yvon More »

Opening of the 81 MW wind farm in Pagudpud

Brian Caffyn, Chairman, UPC Renewables; Atty. Wilfredo M. Penaflor, NLREC President; Pagudpud Mayor Marlon Sales; Senator Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.; Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos; John Eric Francia, President, AC Energy Holdings Inc. during the opening of the 81 MW wind farm of the North Luzon Renewable Energy Corporation in Barangay Caparispisan, More »

Capitol Express in La Paz, Laoag City

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos was surprised by the birthday greetings of the residents of Barangay La Paz, Laoag City during Manang Imee’s Capitol Express held November 18, 2014. Gov. Marcos distributed nipa and mangrove seedlings as well as tilapia fingerlings to previous Capitol Express clients in barangay La Paz. More »

Largest BPO firm all set to open branch in Ilocos Norte

After recognizing the province’s potential in becoming a destination for Information Technology-Business Process Management (IT-BPM) industry, an international and leading Business Process Outsourcing Firm Expert Global Solutions (EGS) is finally set to launch its branch in Ilocos Norte, November 21, 4:00 PM at the Ilocos Norte Centennial Arena. Six years More »

Ilocos Norte seeks long-term provincial water management plan

PGIN to hold first ever provincial water summit Challenged by the call of Governor Imee R. Marcos during her State of the Province Address (SOPA) last August 20 to better manage our water resources, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte together with Ilocos Norte Water District is set to conduct More »

PGIN’s youth program to mark first year anniversary on November 22

Sirib Express, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte’s (PGIN) flagship youth program will celebrate its first year anniversary on November 22, 2014. From its launching last year at Ilocos Norte Agricultural College in Pasuquin, Sirib Express has evolved into an official capitol office—the Sirib Youth Office (SYO)—last March thru an More »

New Sirib campaign aims to teach volunteers on how to keep peers on track

Ilocos Norte’s Provincial Education Department, Provincial Employment and Service Office, and Sirib Youth Office in cooperation with Sirib Ilocano Kabataan Association (SIKA) will be holding for the first time a peer counseling seminar and workshop to raise awareness about depression and mental health among teens and young adults. Dubbed as More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)