Horror festival up north to make Halloween family-friendly

In its fourth year, the Semana ti Ar-Aria (Ghost Week) Festival is set to return this October 24 with its activities aiming “to encourage families and friends to spend quality time together”. Organizers will retain the Semana activities which received positive reception and huge number of attendees for the past More »

Ilocos Norte and Gov. Imee at Manila FAME

Ilocos Norte 2nd District Representative Imelda R. Marcos, mother of Governor Imee Marcos visit the Ilocos Norte pavilion. More »

Ilocano woodworker promotes frugality thru ‘upcycled’ art

Marietta Bonador, an Ilocano wood artist participating in the upcoming Manila FAME (Furnishings and Apparel Manufacturer’s Exchange) said that her practice of upcycling wood waste signifies the Ilocano way of being “frugal and nature-loving”. Bonador who hails from Batac City specializes on creating wood furniture and products. She said that More »

Manila FAME to feature Ilocano Abel, ceramics, wood crafts

With a unique and vibrant repertoire of the finest home-grown materials, Charito Carriaga, Redemptor Bitantes, Marietta Bonador and other Ilocano artisans will be gearing for a three-day trade event to demonstrate Ilocos Norte’s first class products ranging from Abel Iloco, ceramics and wood furniture reflecting the province’s rich heritage and More »

DILG Secretary Mar Roxas visits Ilocos Norte after Typhoon Mario

Governor Imee R. Marcos led a press briefing regarding Typhoon Mario on September 22, 2014 at the Ilocos Norte Capitol. Also present were DILG Secretary Mar Roxas, Secretary Edwin Lacierda, Vice Governor Angelo Barba, Laoag City Vice Mayor Michael Fariñas, and Ilocos Sur Governor Ryan Singson. More »

PGIN delivers typhoon Mario relief goods, gets 3,000+ more from DSWD national office

Gov. Imee delivers relief goods, including some baked products and recycled GI roof sheets for temporary fix, to disaster-stricken residents of Pasuquin September 21, 2014 in Barangay Davila after Typhoon Mario pummeled Ilocos Norte. More »

Governor Imee Marcos met with agriculture stakeholders

Governor Imee Marcos met with agriculture stakeholders in the province September 21, 2014 at the Capitol to develop plans for the speedy recovery of the agriculture industry in Ilocos Norte having been struck hard by typhoon Mario. More »

Gov. Imee inspects areas devastated by Typhoon Mario

Gov. Imee with the PNP Ilocos Norte Search and Rescue team, Army and Air Force during the evacuation of the residents of Barangay Lacuben, Badoc, Ilocos Norte prompted by the onslaught of Typhoon Mario (Fung-wong) September 20, 2014. Gov. Imee also visited the residents of Barangay Caaoacan, Laoag City who More »

Ilocos Norte celebrates Aldaw ni Apo Makoy

Ilocos Norte is never seen alive as it is on September 11, the highlight of the weeklong celebration of the birthday anniversary of its greatest son and late President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (FEM) who turned 97 this year. Dubbed as Aldaw ni Apo Makoy, this year’s celebration began with a thanksgiving More »

FEM Debate Cup 2014 names MMSU-Laoag champion

For the second time, the Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU)–Laoag Team won the Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (FEM) Debate Cup held on September 10, 2014 at the Laoag City Auditorium. With the motion “Haanmi a kayat nga agbalin a parte ti Metro Ilocos Norte” (This house does not want to be More »

PGIN Task Force Trabaho offers over 2000 job vacancies on Marcos Fiesta Job Fair

In line with its aim to provide more jobs to Ilocanos, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte Task Force Trabaho (PGIN TFT) conducted a Marcos Fiesta Paperless Job Fair which offered 2,472 job vacancies to over 700 applicants. The event held at the Robinsons Mall Ilocos Norte on September 12, More »

Marcos Fiesta 2014 marked by festivities, commemorations

Ilocos Norte’s greatest son and the late President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos’ (FEM) 97th birthday anniversary was marked by a week of fun, merrymaking and festivity which gathered over 15,000 Ilocanos from the province as well as Marcos loyalists all over the country. This year’s celebration was packed with commemorative activities More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)