Gov. Imee’s fourth SOPA urges Ilocanos to “create a future at home”

In her bid to push for long-term transformation, Governor Imee R. Marcos launched a new vision, IN2020, which calls for Ilocanos “to create a future at home” and make Ilocos Norte the “best little province in the country” by the year 2020. Held at the Plaza del Norte Hotel and More »

Gov. Imee inspects flood prone areas of Ilocos Norte

Gov. Imee went on a routine inspection of flood prone areas in Ilocos Norte after heavy rainfall on August 7, 2014. She immediately dispatched the provincial back hoe to Barangay Salbang and Nalasin in Paoay to clear the river of debris.  More Photos: http://www.ilocosnorte.gov.ph http://www.facebook.com/IlocosNorteOfficial http://www.facebook.com/ImeeMarcos http://www.flickr.com/photos/ilocosnorte More »

PGIN offers online health care jobs to Ilocano nurses

To further address the demand for nursing employment opportunities, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) partners with BPO companies to provide online health care jobs to all registered nurses in the province. The project is still part of the Saguip Nars launched by PGIN Task Force Trabaho (TFT) on More »

Manang Imee’s Capitol Express resumes, targets remote areas

Hundreds of residents of the eastern and southern barangays of Batac City, Ilocos Norte expressed their delight to Governor Imee Marcos after the Manang Imee’s Capitol Express team resumed on July 24, 2014 to deliver the different frontline services to the city. But unlike the previous visits of the team More »

Rep. Ferdinand Martin Romualdez thanks Ilocos Norte

Leyte’s 1st District Representative Ferdinand Martin Romualdez delivers his thank you message to Ilocos Norte and to the Marcos family during Congresswoman Imelda R. Marcos’ 85th birthday celebration on July 2, 2014 at Ilocos Norte Centennial Arena, Laoag City for all the help that was given to their province during More »

Congw. Imelda Marcos 85th Birthday and Sto. Niño de Cebu in Laoag City

Ilocanos celebrate the visit of Sto. Niño de Cebu and the 85th birthday of Congresswoman Imelda Marcos with a mass at St. William’s Cathedral and a program at the Ilocos Norte Centennial Arena in Laoag City July 2, 2014. View all photos and download hi-res versions here: https://www.flickr.com/photos/ilocosnorte/sets/72157645489620155 More »

Cong. Imelda Marcos brings Sto. Niño to Ilocos Norte

In celebration of her 85th birthday on July 2, Ilocos Norte Second District Congresswoman Imelda Marcos will be offering an extraordinary gift to Ilocanos especially the Catholic devotees—the arrival of the most celebrated religious statue of the Holy Child of Cebu to the province. For the past few decades, the former More »

Launching of PGIN Jobs Website kicks off

Following the success of the paperless job fair last April 29 and 30, 2014, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has introduced a jobs website for the mutual benefit of job seekers and employers alike. The launching was held last June 5, 2014 at the La Tabacalera Function Hall. More »

Himala sa Buhangin! 2014 honors Superstar Nora Aunor with “Elsa” sculpture

A sculpture in the likeness of “Elsa”, the main character in the classic Filipino film “Himala”, was unveiled by the artist Gerry Leonardo, actress Nora Aunor who played Elsa, and Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos in the sand dunes of Paoay during the “Himala sa Buhangin!” music and arts festival More »

Governor Imee distributes honorarium to “Paspas Dur-as!” distributors

Governor Imee Marcos hands in the honorarium of students who distributed the PASPAS Dur-as, Official Publication of the Province, last April 14, 2014. The distribution of Paspas Dur-as lasted for two days wherein a total of 87 student distributors from different schools went to all municipalities of the province. “It was a More »

PGIN to launch its first paperless job fair

In line with Governor Imee R. Marcos’ “Task Force Trabaho”, a program addressing unemployment in Ilocos Norte, the Provincial Government partners with the Jobs Data Base Philippines (JobsDB) to conduct the first ever paperless job fair in the province on April 29 and 30, 2014 at the Ilocos Norte Centennial More »

PGIN Task Force Trabaho launches Saguip Nars

Intensifying her campaign ‘Agtultuloy nga asikaso, ad-adu pay a trabaho,’ which was launched on her State of the Province Address (SOPA) on 2013, Governor Imee Marcos finally launched Saguip Nars Program on March 28, 2014 to address the growing unemployment as well as underemployment rate of nurses in the province. More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)