Marcos Fiesta festivities for September 11

In celebration of the 97th birth anniversary of President Ferdinand E. Marcos, a mass was held September 11, 2014 in Sta. Monica Church, Sarrat, Ilocos Norte attended by the Marcos Family and friends, local chief executives and local parishioners. The late President Marcos was born in Sarrat. Da Real Makoy More »

Young Ilocano artists to honor FEM in the Makoy Literary and Arts Contest

Young Ilocano artists will enliven the centennial arena stage as they battle and showcase their skills and talents in the Makoy Literary and Art Contest on September 12, 2014. The competition held annually is part of the week-long celebration of the 97th birth anniversary of Ilocos Norte’s favorite son Ferdinand More »

Sheep dispersal project

A total of 105 sheep were loaned to 80 recipients coming from the municipalities of Marcos, Banna, Vintar, Bacarra and Currimao on September 4, 2014. The animal raisers will return the first offspring of the lamb to the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte in order for it to be awarded More »

PGIN to conduct Marcos Fiesta Job Fair

In line with the Marcos Fiesta celebration, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte in partnership with leading job portals will be conducting the ‘Marcos Fiesta’ Job Fair on September 12, 2014, 10:00 am to 7:00 pm at Robinsons Place Ilocos, San Nicolas Ilocos Norte. About thirty employers locally and overseas More »

PGIN to launch Wellness Campaign on September 6

With its aim to promote physical, mental and psychological fitness to Ilocanos, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) will conduct a Wellness Campaign on September 6, 2014 from 8am-12pm at the Ilocos Norte National High School. The seminar is made possible by the Provincial Public Employment Service  Office (PESO), More »

Young Ilocano debaters to compete at the FEM Debate Cup

Twelve teams composed of young Ilocano debaters from different colleges and universities in the province are set to showcase their exceptional talents and expertise in the Ferdinand E. Marcos (FEM) Debate Cup. The competition, which is part of the celebration  of President Marcos’ 97th birthday, is organized by the Provincial More »

Marcos Fiesta free concerts to be headlined by Parokya ni Edgar, Rocksteddy

Marcos Fiesta will give a back-to-back treat to Ilocanos as Parokya ni Edgar and Rocksteddy, two of the most sought after OPM rock bands, are set to perform this September. Slated on September 11, 8:00PM at the Imelda Marcos Cultural Center, Batac City, Da Real Makoy Concert is a tribute More »

US Ambassador Goldberg visits Ilocos Norte

US Ambassador to the Philippines Philip Goldberg on a routine visit to Ilocos Norte pays a courtesy call on Governor Imee Marcos at the Capitol September 3, 2014. (PGIN CMO Photo / Alaric A. Yanos) High-resolution photos can be downloaded from our flickr photostream here: https://www.flickr.com/search/?w=63851928@N06&q=ambassador%20goldberg More »

Healthcare BPO to open doors for Ilocano Nurses

In line with the commitment to generate more jobs for the Ilocanos, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) in partnership with Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) companies is taking measures to provide employment opportunities for Ilocano nurses. Held at Takuat Training Center, six trainers, four of them from India, are More »

Ilocos Norte celebrates Pres. Marcos’ 97th birthday

A lively and exciting week-long celebration in honor of the 97th birthday of the late President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos—Apo Makoy for the Ilocanos—is set to take place on September 10-14, 2014. The celebration will kick off with the Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (FEM) Debate Cup showcasing the speech and debate talents of young More »

Gov. Imee launches IN2020 Vision, delivers “best SOPA”

“Best SOPA so far.” This was the general reaction of the audience to the fourth State of the Province Address (SOPA) delivered by Governor Imee Marcos’ on August 26, 2014. More than 1,300 visitors including officials from all municipalities, Consul of the People’s Republic of China Zhiao Quiaoliang, department heads, More »

Gov. Imee’s fourth SOPA urges Ilocanos to “create a future at home”

In her bid to push for long-term transformation, Governor Imee R. Marcos launched a new vision, IN2020, which calls for Ilocanos “to create a future at home” and make Ilocos Norte the “best little province in the country” by the year 2020. Held at the Plaza del Norte Hotel and More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)