Rep. Ferdinand Martin Romualdez thanks Ilocos Norte

Leyte’s 1st District Representative Ferdinand Martin Romualdez delivers his thank you message to Ilocos Norte and to the Marcos family during Congresswoman Imelda R. Marcos’ 85th birthday celebration on July 2, 2014 at Ilocos Norte Centennial Arena, Laoag City for all the help that was given to their province during More »

Congw. Imelda Marcos 85th Birthday and Sto. Niño de Cebu in Laoag City

Ilocanos celebrate the visit of Sto. Niño de Cebu and the 85th birthday of Congresswoman Imelda Marcos with a mass at St. William’s Cathedral and a program at the Ilocos Norte Centennial Arena in Laoag City July 2, 2014. View all photos and download hi-res versions here: https://www.flickr.com/photos/ilocosnorte/sets/72157645489620155 More »

Cong. Imelda Marcos brings Sto. Niño to Ilocos Norte

In celebration of her 85th birthday on July 2, Ilocos Norte Second District Congresswoman Imelda Marcos will be offering an extraordinary gift to Ilocanos especially the Catholic devotees—the arrival of the most celebrated religious statue of the Holy Child of Cebu to the province. For the past few decades, the former More »

Launching of PGIN Jobs Website kicks off

Following the success of the paperless job fair last April 29 and 30, 2014, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has introduced a jobs website for the mutual benefit of job seekers and employers alike. The launching was held last June 5, 2014 at the La Tabacalera Function Hall. More »

Himala sa Buhangin! 2014 honors Superstar Nora Aunor with “Elsa” sculpture

A sculpture in the likeness of “Elsa”, the main character in the classic Filipino film “Himala”, was unveiled by the artist Gerry Leonardo, actress Nora Aunor who played Elsa, and Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos in the sand dunes of Paoay during the “Himala sa Buhangin!” music and arts festival More »

Governor Imee distributes honorarium to “Paspas Dur-as!” distributors

Governor Imee Marcos hands in the honorarium of students who distributed the PASPAS Dur-as, Official Publication of the Province, last April 14, 2014. The distribution of Paspas Dur-as lasted for two days wherein a total of 87 student distributors from different schools went to all municipalities of the province. “It was a More »

PGIN to launch its first paperless job fair

In line with Governor Imee R. Marcos’ “Task Force Trabaho”, a program addressing unemployment in Ilocos Norte, the Provincial Government partners with the Jobs Data Base Philippines (JobsDB) to conduct the first ever paperless job fair in the province on April 29 and 30, 2014 at the Ilocos Norte Centennial More »

PGIN Task Force Trabaho launches Saguip Nars

Intensifying her campaign ‘Agtultuloy nga asikaso, ad-adu pay a trabaho,’ which was launched on her State of the Province Address (SOPA) on 2013, Governor Imee Marcos finally launched Saguip Nars Program on March 28, 2014 to address the growing unemployment as well as underemployment rate of nurses in the province. More »

Second ‘Himala’ to make Paoay Sand Dunes alive with arts, music on May 10

Fun activities, soul-stirring music and art installations to be turned into giant campfires are set to enliven the famous Paoay Sand Dunes as the Province of Ilocos Norte’s ‘Himala’ (Miracle) festival comes back this May 10 in time for summer vacation. Named as ‘Himala sa Buhangin’, this biggest offbeat outdoor More »

New Filipino Cardinal comes home to Ilocos Norte

The people of Ilocos Norte welcomed Orlando Cardinal Quevedo March 30, 2014 when he visited his birthplace Laoag City. The former Archbishop of Cotabato was elevated as Cardinal to the Holy Roman Church last February 22 at the Vatican and is considered the first Ilocano Cardinal. Download hi-res photos here: http://bit.ly/1hbe7HH More »

Accenture looking to expand to Ilocos Norte

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos meets with the heads of Accenture who are in the province March 27 to assess its potential for establishing a business process outsourcing center. Download high-res version of these photos with captions in our flickr.com page here. (PGIN CMO Photo / Alaric A. Yanos) More »

PGIN launches “Saguip Nars” program to employ nurses

The “Saguip Nars” Program of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte was launched on March 28 in Laoag City. The program aims to employ registered nurses in Ilocos Norte and deploy them to different barangays. The nurses in turn will get a chance to accrue the minimum two years clinical More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)