Second ‘Himala’ to make Paoay Sand Dunes alive with arts, music on May 10

Fun activities, soul-stirring music and art installations to be turned into giant campfires are set to enliven the famous Paoay Sand Dunes as the Province of Ilocos Norte’s ‘Himala’ (Miracle) festival comes back this May 10 in time for summer vacation. Named as ‘Himala sa Buhangin’, this biggest offbeat outdoor More »

New Filipino Cardinal comes home to Ilocos Norte

The people of Ilocos Norte welcomed Orlando Cardinal Quevedo March 30, 2014 when he visited his birthplace Laoag City. The former Archbishop of Cotabato was elevated as Cardinal to the Holy Roman Church last February 22 at the Vatican and is considered the first Ilocano Cardinal. Download hi-res photos here: http://bit.ly/1hbe7HH More »

Accenture looking to expand to Ilocos Norte

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos meets with the heads of Accenture who are in the province March 27 to assess its potential for establishing a business process outsourcing center. Download high-res version of these photos with captions in our flickr.com page here. (PGIN CMO Photo / Alaric A. Yanos) More »

PGIN launches “Saguip Nars” program to employ nurses

The “Saguip Nars” Program of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte was launched on March 28 in Laoag City. The program aims to employ registered nurses in Ilocos Norte and deploy them to different barangays. The nurses in turn will get a chance to accrue the minimum two years clinical More »

Gov. Imee Marcos meets with Jaime Zobel de Ayala and the AC Energy team

Governor Imee met with Jaime Zobel de Ayala of Ayala Corporation today, March 27, 2014, at the Ilocos Norte Capitol. Ayala is in the province to inspect the construction of the 200 megawatt wind energy project in Caparispisan, Pagudpud. Download the hi-res photos from PGIN’s Flickr.com photostream. Click here: http://bit.ly/1rD45Im Photos by More »

Ilocos Norte’s global art heroine reveals path to success

“Everyone possesses talents before even being born to the world. Other people just either forgot them or failed to put them in good use,” said Lucia Najera Mangapit Valdez, the Batac-born global painter and fashion designer who stunned the world during the post-war era. Having nurtured an array of talents More »

Ilocos Norte among the Top Rice Producers in PH

For the second time, the Province of Ilocos Norte was recognized as one of the top 12 Agri-Pinoy Rice Achievers in the country for its commitment in attaining high rice self-sufficiency. Launched on 2011 by the Department of Agriculture, the Agri-Pinoy Rice Achievers Awards aims to encourage the full support More »

2nd Triathlon event in Ilocos Norte goes ultimate for promoting wellness

While its tourism industry remains robust, Ilocos Norte also proves to be an ideal venue of international sports events through hosting another edition of triathlon race, the “Ultimate Tri Ilocos Norte” on March 22 and 23, 2014. The event which was originally launched in March 2013 becomes bigger and more More »

Young Ilocanos embrace the 600-year old “Guling” tradition

Each year, more and more young Ilocanos are observed engaging themselves to participate at the magnificent celebration of Guling-Guling, a festival depicting the age-old tradition of the people of Paoay, Ilocos Norte. The festivitiy which is traditionally held the day before the Ash Wednesday marks the last day when the townsfolk More »

Of old and new: “Guling-Guling” shines through centuries

Fat Tuesday, which marks the last merriment among Catholics before the start of the Lent season, has been a tradition widely forgotten by many Filipinos except for the people of the heritage town of Paoay, Ilocos Norte, who have altogether upheld a localized version for centuries. Guling-guling Festival is a More »

Ilocano onion growers’ income improved thru support from prov’l gov’t

The contribution made through the stipend distributed by the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte to the local vegetable farmers has now manifested when Wilfredo Valdez, the president of the Vegetable Growers Association (VGA) of Region 1 revealed that there is already 40% increase in his revenue in growing “lasona”, a More »

More than 4,000 students undergo PGIN’s Free Career Counseling

With its aim to assist students in making crucial decisions for their career pursuits, the free Career Counseling Roadshow, which was spearheaded by the Provincial Public Employment Service Office (PESO) in cooperation with Sirib Express and De La Salle University (DLSU), has successfully catered to more than 4,000 high school More »

Ilocano Culture

ETHNIC ORIGIN OF THE PEOPLE

The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.

ETHNIC GROUPS


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)

ETHNIC SONGS AND DANCES

Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”

LANGUAGES/DIALECTS

Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)