MMSU wins FEM Intercollegiate Debate Tournament 2015

Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) – Batac emerged as champion after defeating Northern Christian College (NCC) in this year’s Ferdinand E. Marcos (FEM) Intercollegiate Debate Tournament held on September 16 at the Provincial Capitol Auditorium. The final round focused on the motion “This house believes that all public utility vehicles More »

Gov. Marcos, JICA conducts aerial inspection, seek for quick mobilization of dikes ravaged by typhoon ‘Ineng’

After conducting series of aerial inspections days after typhoon ‘Ineng’ hit the province, Governor Imee Marcos requested for further assessment of the damaged dike systems particularly of the Madongan Dam in Solsona and Sabo Dam in Nueva Era on September 10, 2015. The inspection team included Ms. Misaki Kawaguchi, Japan More »

PGIN estimates agriculture, infrastructure damage from ‘Ineng’ now at P 2 B

Agriculture and infrastructure damage in Ilocos Norte has now climbed up to more than P 2 billion after Typhoon ‘Ineng’ ravaged the province over the weekend, latest report from the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management and Resiliency Council (PDRRMRC) showed. Agriculture recorded an estimated P89 million worth of damage while More »

Governor Marcos continues aerial inspection, relief operation in far-flung areas ravaged by Typhoon ‘Ineng’

Aerial rounds in the far-flung municipalities of Nueva Era and Adams conducted by Governor Imee R. Marcos on August 28, Friday showed that more infrastructures were severely damaged after Typhoon ‘Ineng’ hit Ilocos Norte over the weekend. As the inspection yesterday showed that a great extent of the dike system More »

‘RAKENROL’ musical play to highlight Marcos Fiesta celebration

In celebration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos’ 98th birthday anniversary, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) will produce for the first time a full-length musical play dubbed as ‘RAKENROL’ on September 11, 2015, 7:00 PM at Mariano Marcos State University’s Teatro Ilocandia, Batac. ‘RAKENROL’, as director Jeremy dela Cruz described More »

Ilocos Norte’s youth program wins Galing Pook Awards 2015

Proving its continuing excellence in local governance in the past few years, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) was cited as one of the ten Galing Pook 2015 awardees for its flagship youth program “Sirib Express.” Governor Imee Marcos led the capitol department heads and Sirib Express Staff in More »

Ilocos Norte set to celebrate Apo Lakay’s 98th birthday anniversary

Marking the 98th birthday anniversary of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos,—popularly known among Ilocanos as Apo Lakay—the Province of Ilocos Norte is set to conduct youth-engaging activities in honor of its favorite son starting this September 9. Da Real Makoy Literary and Musical Competition will open the weeklong celebration, a fitting More »

PGIN remains under red alert, more than 19,000 Ilocanos affected due to ‘Ineng’

Governor Imee R. Marcos ordered the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) to stay on red alert as efforts are intensified for the safety and early recovery of the province from the devastation brought by Typhoon ‘Ineng’ in the province over the weekend. Prompting local government officials to place the More »

Ilocos Norte placed under state of calamity due to typhoon Ineng

In the wake of the most recent typhoon ‘Ineng’ (international name: Goni), the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has declared Ilocos Norte under state of calamity following a total estimated worth of damages of Php 456,878,938.65 has been recorded as of August 23, 2015. According to the Provincial Disaster More »

Power cut off in entire Ilocos Norte due to ‘Ineng’

As Typhoon ‘Ineng’ downed electric transmission lines and toppled numerous electric poles, Governor Imee Marcos is appealing to the Department of Energy (DOE), National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP), Energy Development Corporation-Burgos (EDC), North Luzon Renewable Energy Corporation (NLREC), Northwind and several power companies to help in the immediate More »

Ilocos Norte under state of calamity, seeks help for Typhoon ‘Ineng’ damages

After being declared under state of calamity on Saturday reporting a nearly P500 million damage to Ilocos Norte’s agriculture and infrastructure, the Provincial Government is seeking for immediate assistance from the national government to restore the damages caused by Typhoon Ineng which struck Northern Luzon on Thursday, August 20, 2015. More »

PGIN strengthens support to Ilocano farmers, launches KSK program

Over 50 Ilocano farmers will be undergoing a 12-week training on advanced agricultural technology as Governor Imee R. Marcos in partnership with SM Foundation launched the batch 94 of the Kabalikat sa Kabuhayan (KSK) training program on July 15 at VL Farms, Laoag City, Ilocos Norte. “We aim to upgrade More »

Ilocano Culture


The first inhabitants of the province were the Apayaos, Igorots, Itnegs and Tinggians. Invasions by groups with superior weapons and a number of men drove these natives into the mountains wherein they still thrive until today. People from the neighboring provinces as well as from other countries reach the province through business activities or trading. Intermarriage was also a factor for the growing number of Tagalogs, Visayanos, Bicolanos, Pampagueños, Chinese and Bombays.


Source: 2007 (National Commission on Indigenous People Based on Tribal Council’s Census 2007, Ilocos Norte Provincial Office)

Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Ilocos Norte, 2000Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing (National Statistics Office)


Ilocos Norte has various native dances which mostly depict the customs, beliefs and practices of an Ilocano. Its native songs are expressions of the characteristics, aspirations and occupations of its music-loving and industrious people. “Ilocos Norte – Gem of the Northern Plains,” authored by Ernesto Ma. Cadiz, Bella C. Curameng and Mary Editha Y. Dy enumerates and describes the worth mentioning dances and songs of the province:

“Osi-osi” portrays the traditional ways of courtship. “Binigan-bigat” (Every Morning) is a courtship dance depicting a boy who is in love with a girl from whom he asks pity. “Sileledda-ang” (Grief-stricken or Laden with Sorrow) is a courtship dance showing the lover’s fondness for each other. “Manang Biday”, another courtship dance usually performed by young people. “Sabunganay” (Banana Blossom) symbolizes a young lady who is still too young to be courted and “Pandanggo Laoagueña” is a courtship dance performed by the young and old.”

“Vintareña” maybe performed by one to any number of pairs in any social gathering such as baptismal, wedding, birthday or thanksgiving parties. “Kuratsa Pasuquiña” is a dance during birthday parties and festivities. Depicting merriment are La Jota Zapatilla, Barbarukong (Breast Out), La Jota Laoagueña and Kuratsa Paoayeña which are also presented during social gatherings. Another dance shown during wedding and baptismal celebrations are “Sagamantica” and “Arikenken”. “Chotis Dingreña” is a dance for the elite and is performed during social functions. “Pandanggo” is one of the favorite dances of the old people. “Guling-Guling” is a dance for Ash Wednesday. “Tambora” is usually shown on the Eve of Christmas.

“Ilocana a Nasudi (Chaste Ilocana), a dance depicting a chaste and virtuous Ilocana, may be performed by four pairs, while Surtido Norte (Assorted Dances from the North) is a combination of different Ilocano dance steps manifesting thrift as a trait of the people.”

“In Rabong (Bamboo Shoot), a dance glorifying the bamboo shoot as a delicacy of the Ilocanos, the participants sing the lyrics themselves. Some occupational dances are Asin and Dinaklisan, salt-making and fishing, respectively, are two occupations of the people living near the seacoast; Agabel, which represents cloth weaving, and Agdamili, which shows the rustic life of those in the pottery industry.”

“Some of the songs have been collected and analyzed for their educational values. Ayat ti Ina (Love of a Mother) expresses how a mother loves and takes care of her child. The narrative song, Napateg a Bin-i (cherished Seed), utilizes metaphor in comparing a woman to a ’bin-i’ or seed. Pamulinawen (Hardened Heart) is the most popular Ilocano love song which equates the heart of a girl, who does not heed the pleading of her lover, to a hardened flint. Duayya ni Ayat (Love’s Lullaby) expresses a man’s tender loving care for his ladylove to be careful in changing her mind and choosing another man. Siasin ti Agayat Kenka (Who is in love with you?) expresses an insistent love. No Duaduaem Pay (If You Still Doubt) gives the idea that the lover feels that his loved one doubts him, so he asks for understanding and also reiterates his love. Teng-nga ti Rabii (Midnight) tells of a lover who sees the image of his loved one in the middle of the night and is awakened by her voice. A patriotic song, Dinak Kad Dildillawen (Do not Criticize Me), conveys service to love of country, while Kasasaad ti Kinabalasang (The life of a Maiden) is an advice for the young maidens to consider carefully their plans of getting married, because marriage is a risky venture. Agdamdamili (Pot Making) is an occupational song, while Kanaganan is a birthday song.”


Widely spoken by the people of Ilocos Norte is Iloko, one of the major dialects in the country and which is proudly used by every Ilocano as for as the foreign countries. The dialect serves as index of determining the place of residence of an Ilocano because intonation varies from town to town. One can pinpoint a person’s origin by just listening to the way he/she talks, because intonation varies from town to town.

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000

Household Population by Mother Tongue, 2000Source: 2000 Population Census (National Statistics Office)