Ilocos Norte is located in the northwestern part of Luzon and is geographically situated between 170-43’ and 180-29’ north latitudes and 1200-25’ and 1200-58’ east longitudes. It is bounded in the east by Cagayan and Apayao, in the southeast by Abra, in the south by Ilocos Sur and in the west by the South China Sea. Laoag City is the seat of the Provincial Government and is about 487 kilometers north-northwest of Manila.
Ilocos Norte has a total land area of 3,622.91 sq. kms. It is rugged and rocky and has mountains which run northwest in the Cordilleras in the east. There are thirteen (13) mountains in the area, most of which are located in the southeastern portion.
Land Capability Classification
MAP OF REGION I
Source: Ilocos Norte Environment and Natural Resources Office, Ilocos Norte
CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES
Ilocos Norte has two (2) congressional districts comprising twenty-one (21) municipalities and two (2) component cities. The province has a total of five hundred fifty-seven (557) barangays. This is to include the eighty (80) barangays of Laoag City and the forty-three (43) barangays of Batac City.
The table below shows the number of barangays, land area, and distance of municipalities from Laoag City and from Manila.
Sources: Comprehensive Land Use Plans, Cities and Municipalities, Ilocos Norte