MMSU wins FEM Intercollegiate Debate Tournament 2015

Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) – Batac emerged as champion after defeating Northern Christian College (NCC) in this year’s Ferdinand E. Marcos (FEM) Intercollegiate Debate Tournament held on September 16 at the Provincial Capitol Auditorium. The final round focused on the motion “This house believes that all public utility vehicles More »

Gov. Marcos, JICA conducts aerial inspection, seek for quick mobilization of dikes ravaged by typhoon ‘Ineng’

After conducting series of aerial inspections days after typhoon ‘Ineng’ hit the province, Governor Imee Marcos requested for further assessment of the damaged dike systems particularly of the Madongan Dam in Solsona and Sabo Dam in Nueva Era on September 10, 2015. The inspection team included Ms. Misaki Kawaguchi, Japan More »

PGIN estimates agriculture, infrastructure damage from ‘Ineng’ now at P 2 B

Agriculture and infrastructure damage in Ilocos Norte has now climbed up to more than P 2 billion after Typhoon ‘Ineng’ ravaged the province over the weekend, latest report from the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management and Resiliency Council (PDRRMRC) showed. Agriculture recorded an estimated P89 million worth of damage while More »

Governor Marcos continues aerial inspection, relief operation in far-flung areas ravaged by Typhoon ‘Ineng’

Aerial rounds in the far-flung municipalities of Nueva Era and Adams conducted by Governor Imee R. Marcos on August 28, Friday showed that more infrastructures were severely damaged after Typhoon ‘Ineng’ hit Ilocos Norte over the weekend. As the inspection yesterday showed that a great extent of the dike system More »

‘RAKENROL’ musical play to highlight Marcos Fiesta celebration

In celebration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos’ 98th birthday anniversary, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) will produce for the first time a full-length musical play dubbed as ‘RAKENROL’ on September 11, 2015, 7:00 PM at Mariano Marcos State University’s Teatro Ilocandia, Batac. ‘RAKENROL’, as director Jeremy dela Cruz described More »

Ilocos Norte’s youth program wins Galing Pook Awards 2015

Proving its continuing excellence in local governance in the past few years, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) was cited as one of the ten Galing Pook 2015 awardees for its flagship youth program “Sirib Express.” Governor Imee Marcos led the capitol department heads and Sirib Express Staff in More »

Ilocos Norte set to celebrate Apo Lakay’s 98th birthday anniversary

Marking the 98th birthday anniversary of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos,—popularly known among Ilocanos as Apo Lakay—the Province of Ilocos Norte is set to conduct youth-engaging activities in honor of its favorite son starting this September 9. Da Real Makoy Literary and Musical Competition will open the weeklong celebration, a fitting More »

PGIN remains under red alert, more than 19,000 Ilocanos affected due to ‘Ineng’

Governor Imee R. Marcos ordered the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) to stay on red alert as efforts are intensified for the safety and early recovery of the province from the devastation brought by Typhoon ‘Ineng’ in the province over the weekend. Prompting local government officials to place the More »

Ilocos Norte placed under state of calamity due to typhoon Ineng

In the wake of the most recent typhoon ‘Ineng’ (international name: Goni), the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has declared Ilocos Norte under state of calamity following a total estimated worth of damages of Php 456,878,938.65 has been recorded as of August 23, 2015. According to the Provincial Disaster More »

Power cut off in entire Ilocos Norte due to ‘Ineng’

As Typhoon ‘Ineng’ downed electric transmission lines and toppled numerous electric poles, Governor Imee Marcos is appealing to the Department of Energy (DOE), National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP), Energy Development Corporation-Burgos (EDC), North Luzon Renewable Energy Corporation (NLREC), Northwind and several power companies to help in the immediate More »

Ilocos Norte under state of calamity, seeks help for Typhoon ‘Ineng’ damages

After being declared under state of calamity on Saturday reporting a nearly P500 million damage to Ilocos Norte’s agriculture and infrastructure, the Provincial Government is seeking for immediate assistance from the national government to restore the damages caused by Typhoon Ineng which struck Northern Luzon on Thursday, August 20, 2015. More »

PGIN strengthens support to Ilocano farmers, launches KSK program

Over 50 Ilocano farmers will be undergoing a 12-week training on advanced agricultural technology as Governor Imee R. Marcos in partnership with SM Foundation launched the batch 94 of the Kabalikat sa Kabuhayan (KSK) training program on July 15 at VL Farms, Laoag City, Ilocos Norte. “We aim to upgrade More »

Brief History

Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there already existed an extensive region consisting of the present provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra and La Union) renowned for its gold mines.  Merchants from Japan and China would often visit the area to trade gold with beads, ceramics and silk.  The inhabitants of the region, believed to be of Malay origin, called their place “samtoy”, from “sao mi toy, which literally meant “our language”.

In 1571, when the Spanish conquistadors had Manila more or less under their control, they began looking for new sites to conquer.  Legaspi’s grandson, Juan de Salcedo, volunteered to lead one of these expeditions.  Together with 8 armed boats and 45 men, the 22 year old voyager headed north.

On June 13, 1572, Salcedo and his men landed in Vigan and then proceeded towards Laoag, Currimao and Badoc.  As they sailed along the coast, they were surprised to see numerous sheltered coves (“looc”) where the locals lived in harmony.  As a result, they named the region “Ylocos” and its people “Ylocanos”.

As the Christianization of the region grew, so did the landscape of the area.  Vast tracks of land were utilized for churches and bell towers in line with the Spanish mission of “bajo las campanas”.  In the town plaza, it was not uncommon to see garrisons under the church bells.  The colonization process was slowly being carried out.

The Spanish colonization of the region, however, was never completely successful.  Owing to the abusive practices of many Augustinian friars, a number of Ilocanos revolted against their colonizers.  Noteworthy of these were the Dingras uprising (1589) and Pedro Almasan revolt (San Nicolas, 1660).  In 1762, Diego Silang  led a series of battles aimed at freeing the Ilocanos from the Spanish yoke.  When he died from an assassin’s bullet, his widow Gabriela continued the cause.  Unfortunately, she too was captured and hanged.  In 1807, the sugar cane (“basi”) brewers of Piddig rose up in arms to protest the government’s monopoly of the wine industry.  In 1898, the church excommunicated Gregorio Aglipay for refusing to cut off ties with the revolutionary forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.  Unperturbed, he established the “Iglesia Filipina Independiente”.  Aglipay’s movement and the national sentiment it espoused helped restore the self-respect of many Filipinos.

“The great increase in population from 1715 to 1818 from 18,980 to 282,845 made the administration of the province very difficult. Due to the excessive monopolies and forced labor, there were several uprisings: first by the people of Dingras in 1589; one that was led by Pedro Almazan in 1616; the revolt of Diego Silang in 1762-1763; by Ambaristo in 1788; by Pedro Mateo in 1808 and uprising of Sarrat in 1815. For this reason, the division of the Ilocos into two provinces was recommended by the local authorities. On February 2, 1818, a Spanish Royal Decree was promulgated dividing the Province of Ilocos Norte from Ilocos Sur. Laoag City, which was then the biggest center of population, was made the capital of Ilocos Norte.”