Laoag City Makes Boodle Fight World Record

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos shared a meal with Laoag City Mayor Chevylle Fariñas and Vice Mayor Michael Fariñas during the world record-breaking 4.5 kilometer-long boodle fight table held in celebration of the Laoag City Fiesta (Pamulinawen Festival) on February 27, 2015 More »

Accenture branch to rise in Ilocos Norte, to bring more quality jobs

Recognizing Ilocos Norte’s great potential as an alternative Information Technology Business Process Management (IT-BPM) destination, Accenture, one of the world’s largest management consulting, technology services and outsourcing companies, is set to open its branch in the province this year. Benedict Hernandez, Lead of Accenture Operations Delivery Center in the Philippines, More »

Paoay’s Guling-guling becomes a nat’l festival, showcases centuries-old faith and resiliency of Ilocanos

Thousands of people filled the streets leading to the picturesque Paoay Church on February 17 as the townsfolk celebrate the annual Guling-guling Festival, reaffirming the 600-year old tradition of faith and resiliency of Ilocanos. In keeping with the town’s Catholic roots, the festivity is traditionally held the day before Ash More »

Young Ilocanos embrace the 600-year old “Guling” traditions

Each year, more and more young Ilocanos are observed engaging themselves to participate at the magnificent celebration of Guling-Guling, a festival depicting the age-old tradition of the people of Paoay, Ilocos Norte. The festivitiy which is traditionally held the day before the Ash Wednesday marks the last day when the townsfolk could More »

PGIN distributes scholarship stipend to new set of Sirib youth leaders

As part of the efforts of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) to eliminate extreme poverty by prioritizing programs on education, Governor Imee Marcos welcomed a new set of Sirib youth leaders scholars during the awarding of their stipend last February 11, 2015 at the Provincial Capitol Auditorium. Gov. More »

Of old and new: “Guling-Guling” shines through centuries

Fat Tuesday, which marks the last merriment among Catholics before the start of the Lent season, has been a tradition widely forgotten by many Filipinos except for the people of the heritage town of Paoay, Ilocos Norte, who have altogether upheld a localized version for centuries. Guling-guling Festival is a religious More »

PGIN to honor young Ilocanos thru 2nd Sirib Youth Awards

One hundred twenty outstanding young Ilocanos will be recognized by the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte as this year’s Sirib Youth Awards is set to be held on February 14, 7PM, in front of the Provincial Capitol. “On its second year now, this event is organized by the Sirib Youth More »

Ilocos Norte PNP launches Police C.A.R.T

The Police Community Assistance and referral team or C.AR.T. was launched February 4 by Governor Imee Marcos with the Ilocos Norte Philippine National Police during their 24th foundation anniversary in Camp Valentin Juan, Laoag City. The Police C.AR.T. allows the deployment of Police Patrollers in areas of convergence, tourist destinations or More »

PGIN tops DSWD’s 1st Gawad Listahanan Awards

In its effort to accelerate the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in the province by improving the delivery of service and assistance to the poor, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has been recognized by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) in its very first More »

I. Norte celebrates 197th founding anniversary, gears up to be ‘the best little province in the country’

A bright and innovative vision for the province continues as the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte celebrates its 197th Foundation Anniversary on February 02, counting down to its bicentennial movement this coming 2018. ‘Carry on the tradition of leadership, heroism and excellence’ Highlighting this year’s celebration was the comeback of the More »

Ilocos Norte honors SAF son slain in Maguindanao encounter

In honor of Ilocos Norte’s son PO2 Omar A. Nacionales and other 43 Special Action Forces (SAF) commandos killed in Maguindanao last Sunday, the Provincial Government led by Governor Imee Marcos held a memorial mass and a wreath-laying ceremony this morning. Hundreds of provincial police force led by Provincial Director More »

Manang Imee’s Capitol Express adds new program to support Ilocano farmers

A new initiative has been integrated in Manang Imee’s Capitol Express (CapEx) on December 9, 2014 as the program continues to bring frontline services of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte more accessible to the Ilocanos. ‘Kadiwa (rolling stores) ni Manang Imee’, the name aptly given to the new program More »

Brief History

Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there already existed an extensive region consisting of the present provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra and La Union) renowned for its gold mines.  Merchants from Japan and China would often visit the area to trade gold with beads, ceramics and silk.  The inhabitants of the region, believed to be of Malay origin, called their place “samtoy”, from “sao mi toy, which literally meant “our language”.

In 1571, when the Spanish conquistadors had Manila more or less under their control, they began looking for new sites to conquer.  Legaspi’s grandson, Juan de Salcedo, volunteered to lead one of these expeditions.  Together with 8 armed boats and 45 men, the 22 year old voyager headed north.

On June 13, 1572, Salcedo and his men landed in Vigan and then proceeded towards Laoag, Currimao and Badoc.  As they sailed along the coast, they were surprised to see numerous sheltered coves (“looc”) where the locals lived in harmony.  As a result, they named the region “Ylocos” and its people “Ylocanos”.

As the Christianization of the region grew, so did the landscape of the area.  Vast tracks of land were utilized for churches and bell towers in line with the Spanish mission of “bajo las campanas”.  In the town plaza, it was not uncommon to see garrisons under the church bells.  The colonization process was slowly being carried out.

The Spanish colonization of the region, however, was never completely successful.  Owing to the abusive practices of many Augustinian friars, a number of Ilocanos revolted against their colonizers.  Noteworthy of these were the Dingras uprising (1589) and Pedro Almasan revolt (San Nicolas, 1660).  In 1762, Diego Silang  led a series of battles aimed at freeing the Ilocanos from the Spanish yoke.  When he died from an assassin’s bullet, his widow Gabriela continued the cause.  Unfortunately, she too was captured and hanged.  In 1807, the sugar cane (“basi”) brewers of Piddig rose up in arms to protest the government’s monopoly of the wine industry.  In 1898, the church excommunicated Gregorio Aglipay for refusing to cut off ties with the revolutionary forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.  Unperturbed, he established the “Iglesia Filipina Independiente”.  Aglipay’s movement and the national sentiment it espoused helped restore the self-respect of many Filipinos.

“The great increase in population from 1715 to 1818 from 18,980 to 282,845 made the administration of the province very difficult. Due to the excessive monopolies and forced labor, there were several uprisings: first by the people of Dingras in 1589; one that was led by Pedro Almazan in 1616; the revolt of Diego Silang in 1762-1763; by Ambaristo in 1788; by Pedro Mateo in 1808 and uprising of Sarrat in 1815. For this reason, the division of the Ilocos into two provinces was recommended by the local authorities. On February 2, 1818, a Spanish Royal Decree was promulgated dividing the Province of Ilocos Norte from Ilocos Sur. Laoag City, which was then the biggest center of population, was made the capital of Ilocos Norte.”