PGIN holds forum on agricultural resiliency, seeks immediate solution to El Niño threats

Following the conduct of the first Ilocos Norte Water Summit, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) together with the provincial office of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Ilocos Norte Water District (INWD) held an Agricultural Resiliency Forum on March 17 at Provincial Capitol. As the water summit, conducted More »

PGIN honors Mamasapano SAF survivors as ‘modern Ilocano heroes’

PGIN honors Mamasapano SAF survivors as ‘modern Ilocano heroes’ Governor Imee R. Marcos led an honorary tribute on March 10 for SPO1 Allan Lampitoc Franco and PO2 Jovalyn Lozano, both with Ilocano roots who are two of the few Special Action Force (SAF) commandos who survived the Mamasapano encounter last More »

PGIN, BAP to conduct first Financial Education Program for OFW families

In an effort to improve financial literacy in the province, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) in partnership with the Bankers Association of the Philippines (BAP) will conduct the first Financial Education Program for the families of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) in the province on March 13, 2015. The More »

Ilocos Norte to host APEC meeting, to develop a road map in ‘doubling goal of generating renewable energy’

At least 70 international delegates and members of the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET), a subcommittee of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), will converge on April 13-16 in Ilocos Norte to discuss and conduct workshops in ‘doubling the APEC region’s goal of generating renewable energy.’ Governor More »

PGIN grants full scholarship to kin of slain Ilocano PNP-SAF

The Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) will be granting full scholarship to Aleta Nacionales, younger sister of PO2 Omar Nacionales who is one of the 44 Philippine National Police-Special Action Force (PNP-SAF) members slain during the Mamasapano encounter last January. Governor Imee Marcos said PGIN will continue to extend More »

Fourth Kinni-kinni Parade to highlight Ilocos Norte’s Women’s Month celebration

Highlighting the great potential of women in various aspects of development, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) thru the Gender and Development (GAD) Office prepared a set of activities for the Annual International Women’s Month celebration this March. Thousands of women groups, gender advocates, non-government organizations and other groups More »

Second Sirib Youth Awards honors young Ilocanos for ‘leading excellence and heroism’

For bringing prestige to the province by garnering either national or international awards in the fields of arts, sports and academe, 120 young Ilocanos were recognized by the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte in the 2nd Sirib Youth Awards held in front of the Provincial Capitol on February 14. “While we More »

PGIN Task Force Trabaho, Accenture bring more quality jobs for Ilocanos

The Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) through its Task Force Trabaho is bringing more quality jobs to Ilocanos as Accenture, one of the world’s largest management consulting, technology services and outsourcing companies, is set to open its delivery center in the province this year. Governor Imee Marcos said during More »

Laoag City Makes Boodle Fight World Record

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos shared a meal with Laoag City Mayor Chevylle Fariñas and Vice Mayor Michael Fariñas during the world record-breaking 4.5 kilometer-long boodle fight table held in celebration of the Laoag City Fiesta (Pamulinawen Festival) on February 27, 2015 More »

Accenture branch to rise in Ilocos Norte, to bring more quality jobs

Recognizing Ilocos Norte’s great potential as an alternative Information Technology Business Process Management (IT-BPM) destination, Accenture, one of the world’s largest management consulting, technology services and outsourcing companies, is set to open its branch in the province this year. Benedict Hernandez, Lead of Accenture Operations Delivery Center in the Philippines, More »

Paoay’s Guling-guling becomes a nat’l festival, showcases centuries-old faith and resiliency of Ilocanos

Thousands of people filled the streets leading to the picturesque Paoay Church on February 17 as the townsfolk celebrate the annual Guling-guling Festival, reaffirming the 600-year old tradition of faith and resiliency of Ilocanos. In keeping with the town’s Catholic roots, the festivity is traditionally held the day before Ash More »

Young Ilocanos embrace the 600-year old “Guling” traditions

Each year, more and more young Ilocanos are observed engaging themselves to participate at the magnificent celebration of Guling-Guling, a festival depicting the age-old tradition of the people of Paoay, Ilocos Norte. The festivitiy which is traditionally held the day before the Ash Wednesday marks the last day when the townsfolk could More »

Brief History

Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there already existed an extensive region consisting of the present provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra and La Union) renowned for its gold mines.  Merchants from Japan and China would often visit the area to trade gold with beads, ceramics and silk.  The inhabitants of the region, believed to be of Malay origin, called their place “samtoy”, from “sao mi toy, which literally meant “our language”.

In 1571, when the Spanish conquistadors had Manila more or less under their control, they began looking for new sites to conquer.  Legaspi’s grandson, Juan de Salcedo, volunteered to lead one of these expeditions.  Together with 8 armed boats and 45 men, the 22 year old voyager headed north.

On June 13, 1572, Salcedo and his men landed in Vigan and then proceeded towards Laoag, Currimao and Badoc.  As they sailed along the coast, they were surprised to see numerous sheltered coves (“looc”) where the locals lived in harmony.  As a result, they named the region “Ylocos” and its people “Ylocanos”.

As the Christianization of the region grew, so did the landscape of the area.  Vast tracks of land were utilized for churches and bell towers in line with the Spanish mission of “bajo las campanas”.  In the town plaza, it was not uncommon to see garrisons under the church bells.  The colonization process was slowly being carried out.

The Spanish colonization of the region, however, was never completely successful.  Owing to the abusive practices of many Augustinian friars, a number of Ilocanos revolted against their colonizers.  Noteworthy of these were the Dingras uprising (1589) and Pedro Almasan revolt (San Nicolas, 1660).  In 1762, Diego Silang  led a series of battles aimed at freeing the Ilocanos from the Spanish yoke.  When he died from an assassin’s bullet, his widow Gabriela continued the cause.  Unfortunately, she too was captured and hanged.  In 1807, the sugar cane (“basi”) brewers of Piddig rose up in arms to protest the government’s monopoly of the wine industry.  In 1898, the church excommunicated Gregorio Aglipay for refusing to cut off ties with the revolutionary forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.  Unperturbed, he established the “Iglesia Filipina Independiente”.  Aglipay’s movement and the national sentiment it espoused helped restore the self-respect of many Filipinos.

“The great increase in population from 1715 to 1818 from 18,980 to 282,845 made the administration of the province very difficult. Due to the excessive monopolies and forced labor, there were several uprisings: first by the people of Dingras in 1589; one that was led by Pedro Almazan in 1616; the revolt of Diego Silang in 1762-1763; by Ambaristo in 1788; by Pedro Mateo in 1808 and uprising of Sarrat in 1815. For this reason, the division of the Ilocos into two provinces was recommended by the local authorities. On February 2, 1818, a Spanish Royal Decree was promulgated dividing the Province of Ilocos Norte from Ilocos Sur. Laoag City, which was then the biggest center of population, was made the capital of Ilocos Norte.”