Laoag City Makes Boodle Fight World Record

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos shared a meal with Laoag City Mayor Chevylle Fariñas and Vice Mayor Michael Fariñas during the world record-breaking 4.5 kilometer-long boodle fight table held in celebration of the Laoag City Fiesta (Pamulinawen Festival) on February 27, 2015 More »

Accenture branch to rise in Ilocos Norte, to bring more quality jobs

Recognizing Ilocos Norte’s great potential as an alternative Information Technology Business Process Management (IT-BPM) destination, Accenture, one of the world’s largest management consulting, technology services and outsourcing companies, is set to open its branch in the province this year. Benedict Hernandez, Lead of Accenture Operations Delivery Center in the Philippines, More »

Paoay’s Guling-guling becomes a nat’l festival, showcases centuries-old faith and resiliency of Ilocanos

Thousands of people filled the streets leading to the picturesque Paoay Church on February 17 as the townsfolk celebrate the annual Guling-guling Festival, reaffirming the 600-year old tradition of faith and resiliency of Ilocanos. In keeping with the town’s Catholic roots, the festivity is traditionally held the day before Ash More »

Young Ilocanos embrace the 600-year old “Guling” traditions

Each year, more and more young Ilocanos are observed engaging themselves to participate at the magnificent celebration of Guling-Guling, a festival depicting the age-old tradition of the people of Paoay, Ilocos Norte. The festivitiy which is traditionally held the day before the Ash Wednesday marks the last day when the townsfolk could More »

PGIN distributes scholarship stipend to new set of Sirib youth leaders

As part of the efforts of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) to eliminate extreme poverty by prioritizing programs on education, Governor Imee Marcos welcomed a new set of Sirib youth leaders scholars during the awarding of their stipend last February 11, 2015 at the Provincial Capitol Auditorium. Gov. More »

Of old and new: “Guling-Guling” shines through centuries

Fat Tuesday, which marks the last merriment among Catholics before the start of the Lent season, has been a tradition widely forgotten by many Filipinos except for the people of the heritage town of Paoay, Ilocos Norte, who have altogether upheld a localized version for centuries. Guling-guling Festival is a religious More »

PGIN to honor young Ilocanos thru 2nd Sirib Youth Awards

One hundred twenty outstanding young Ilocanos will be recognized by the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte as this year’s Sirib Youth Awards is set to be held on February 14, 7PM, in front of the Provincial Capitol. “On its second year now, this event is organized by the Sirib Youth More »

Ilocos Norte PNP launches Police C.A.R.T

The Police Community Assistance and referral team or C.AR.T. was launched February 4 by Governor Imee Marcos with the Ilocos Norte Philippine National Police during their 24th foundation anniversary in Camp Valentin Juan, Laoag City. The Police C.AR.T. allows the deployment of Police Patrollers in areas of convergence, tourist destinations or More »

PGIN tops DSWD’s 1st Gawad Listahanan Awards

In its effort to accelerate the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in the province by improving the delivery of service and assistance to the poor, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has been recognized by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) in its very first More »

I. Norte celebrates 197th founding anniversary, gears up to be ‘the best little province in the country’

A bright and innovative vision for the province continues as the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte celebrates its 197th Foundation Anniversary on February 02, counting down to its bicentennial movement this coming 2018. ‘Carry on the tradition of leadership, heroism and excellence’ Highlighting this year’s celebration was the comeback of the More »

Ilocos Norte honors SAF son slain in Maguindanao encounter

In honor of Ilocos Norte’s son PO2 Omar A. Nacionales and other 43 Special Action Forces (SAF) commandos killed in Maguindanao last Sunday, the Provincial Government led by Governor Imee Marcos held a memorial mass and a wreath-laying ceremony this morning. Hundreds of provincial police force led by Provincial Director More »

Manang Imee’s Capitol Express adds new program to support Ilocano farmers

A new initiative has been integrated in Manang Imee’s Capitol Express (CapEx) on December 9, 2014 as the program continues to bring frontline services of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte more accessible to the Ilocanos. ‘Kadiwa (rolling stores) ni Manang Imee’, the name aptly given to the new program More »

San Nicolas

San Nicolas, Ilocos NorteAbout the Seal

Shield, derived from the Provincial Seal of Ilocos Norte

Gear, symbolizes the systematic livelihood of the people of San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte

Tong and Hammer, represents the blacksmithing and labor

Jar, signifies the pottery industry which dates back to the Spanish time

Hide, denotes tannoing and leather craft

Water, represents the irrigation system that produces two croppings a year

Carabao Head, the common work-animal; friend of the farmer; symbolizes agriculture

Brief History

San Nicolas is located on the western portion of Ilocos Norte. West of the town lies a portion of Laoag City and Paoay while on the east, lie Sarrat and a part of Batac. It has a land area of 40.18 square kilometres, with a population of 29,083 in 1995.

The town was established as the first visita of Ilocos Norte in 1584. Originally, it was a visita of Laoag which was known by the name of Caluntian. In 1617, Caluntian was separated from its matrix which is Laoag. This paved the way for the town to become independent parish under the new name San Nicolas, the titular patron.

Like other towns founded by the Spaniard, San Nicolas was not sparerd from paying tribute and rendering polo or forced labor and complying with bandala, the compulsory sale of rice, hemp and other farm products to the government. In 1788, its people participated in the revolts against Spanish authorities which was brought about by the tobacco monopoly. It was one of the most onerous economic systems being implemented during that time. Bloodshed was averted. However, it was only in 1882 that the monopoly was abolished.

When the Americans came, the town did not easily submit to the new colonizers. Ambushes were staged time and again at a bridged in San Lorenzo. Eventually they were defeated. From 1903 to 1909, the town was merged again with Laoag, a measure to economize the administration and supervision of municipalities throughout the country. With the new regime, a free enterprise-oriented economy was established. The American encouraged the development of the already existing industries such as, pottery, blacksmithing and weaving.

In the latter part of December 1941, the Japanese occupied san Nicolas. The people had to evacuate to the rural areas. As a result, the Japanese issued an order for all evacuees to return home or be considered as bandits. The continuing resistance of the guerrillas against the enemies was sufficient enough for the construction of a ten-feet bamboo fence around the perimeter of the poblacion to protect both Japanese and Filipino officials of the Municipal Council.

On July 5, 1945, the town was finally liberated and the Commonwealth was restored. Dominador Madamba became its first Mayor under the Philippine Republic in 1948.

The town still enjoys monopoly of the earthenware industry. The abundance of plastic clay has made it possible for this Spanish legacy of pottery-making to flourish. It is also blessed with fertile agricultural lands that yield harvest of rice, corn, vegetables, fruits and other crops.

Website:  www.sannicolasilocosnorte.gov.ph

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