Ilocos Norte’s Himala sa Buhangin Festival to pay tribute to Da King

Ilocos Norte, a fast-growing center for film tourism, will once again be a host to a number of upbeat music and art installations with the return of Himala sa Buhangin this May 1, 2015 at the Sand Dunes. After unveiling the sculpture of Elsa from the internationally-acclaimed and iconic Filipino More »

Ilocos Norte’s Himala sa Buhangin! Festival to exhibit world-class avant-garde art installations

As the Himala sa Buhangin! Festival makes its third year comeback on May 1, the majestic expanse of the Paoay Sand Dunes will be transformed once again into a haven of avant-garde art installations. Governor Imee R. Marcos believes that the Ilocanos are given the chance to be exposed to world-class artworks More »

Himala sa Buhangin! Festival will feature sand sports adventures, draws more tourists in Paoay

The vast land of Paoay Sand Dunes is welcoming hundreds of thousands of tourists since the Himala sa Buhangin! Festival kicked off last May 2012 which featured unique and thrilling sands sports adventures in the country. According to the Ilocos Norte Tourism Office, the Paoay Sand Dunes is one of the most More »

Himala sa Buhangin! Festival brings jobs, boosts local economy

As the Himala sa Buhangin! Festival continues to prosper on its third year, the biggest and most recognized outdoor arts and music festival in the north is again set to provide more employment opportunities for the locals of Ilocos Norte. Himala sa Buhangin! features Ilocos Norte’s sand sports adventures such as the 4X4 More »

I. Norte reaches 350,000 tourist arrivals during Holy Week, expects more than 1.5 million tourists for summer season

With Ilocos Norte attaining its highest number of tourist arrivals during the summer season last year, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) reported an influx of 350,000 tourists during this year’s Holy Week, aiming to hit more than 1.5 million in the number of foreign and local travellers in More »

Ilocos Norte ensures success in hosting APEC meeting

As the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) gears up for the influx of tourists for the summer season, Governor Imee R. Marcos kicks off the preparation to ensure success of the province’s hosting of the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET), a subcommittee of the Asia-Pacific More »

Iskolar Ni Manang Imee graduates as magna cum laude

Allan Dave Patubo of the Mariano Marcos State University College of Industrial Technology, who will be graduating as magna cum laude, expressed his thanks to the “Iskolar Ni Manang Imee” Program of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) for being a big part of his success. Patubo, together with More »

Bigger Tri Ilocos Nort3 attracts local and international competitors, highlights Northern summer adventure

Emerging from a successful race last year, the much-awaited ‘Tri Ilocos Nort3,’ a triathlon series promoting ‘sportourism’ in Ilocos Norte as its racecourses highlighted many of the province’s famous tourist landmarks, kicked-off on March 28. In its third year now, the triathlon race which featured triathletes from the different parts More »

UNESCO World Heritage Site Paoay Church hosts Ilocos Norte’s Earth Hour celebration

Joining the worldwide effort in raising awareness on and addressing environmental issues, the UNESCO World Heritage Site Paoay Church hosted the Earth Hour celebration in Ilocos Norte on Saturday, March 28, 2015. Paoay Church, a centuries-old edifice, is famously known for its distinct architecture highlighted by the huge buttresses on More »

Ilocos Norte welcomes Black Nazarene, thousands expected to pay homage

As the Province of Ilocos Norte prepares for the Lenten season, thousands of Ilocano devotees are expected to join the procession of the revered Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno of Quiapo or Black Nazarene at 3 p.m. on March 27, Friday around the city of Laoag. “Considered by many Filipinos as More »

PGIN holds forum on agricultural resiliency, seeks immediate solution to El Niño threats

Following the conduct of the first Ilocos Norte Water Summit, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) together with the provincial office of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Ilocos Norte Water District (INWD) held an Agricultural Resiliency Forum on March 17 at Provincial Capitol. As the water summit, conducted More »

PGIN honors Mamasapano SAF survivors as ‘modern Ilocano heroes’

PGIN honors Mamasapano SAF survivors as ‘modern Ilocano heroes’ Governor Imee R. Marcos led an honorary tribute on March 10 for SPO1 Allan Lampitoc Franco and PO2 Jovalyn Lozano, both with Ilocano roots who are two of the few Special Action Force (SAF) commandos who survived the Mamasapano encounter last More »

San Nicolas

San Nicolas, Ilocos NorteAbout the Seal

Shield, derived from the Provincial Seal of Ilocos Norte

Gear, symbolizes the systematic livelihood of the people of San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte

Tong and Hammer, represents the blacksmithing and labor

Jar, signifies the pottery industry which dates back to the Spanish time

Hide, denotes tannoing and leather craft

Water, represents the irrigation system that produces two croppings a year

Carabao Head, the common work-animal; friend of the farmer; symbolizes agriculture

Brief History

San Nicolas is located on the western portion of Ilocos Norte. West of the town lies a portion of Laoag City and Paoay while on the east, lie Sarrat and a part of Batac. It has a land area of 40.18 square kilometres, with a population of 29,083 in 1995.

The town was established as the first visita of Ilocos Norte in 1584. Originally, it was a visita of Laoag which was known by the name of Caluntian. In 1617, Caluntian was separated from its matrix which is Laoag. This paved the way for the town to become independent parish under the new name San Nicolas, the titular patron.

Like other towns founded by the Spaniard, San Nicolas was not sparerd from paying tribute and rendering polo or forced labor and complying with bandala, the compulsory sale of rice, hemp and other farm products to the government. In 1788, its people participated in the revolts against Spanish authorities which was brought about by the tobacco monopoly. It was one of the most onerous economic systems being implemented during that time. Bloodshed was averted. However, it was only in 1882 that the monopoly was abolished.

When the Americans came, the town did not easily submit to the new colonizers. Ambushes were staged time and again at a bridged in San Lorenzo. Eventually they were defeated. From 1903 to 1909, the town was merged again with Laoag, a measure to economize the administration and supervision of municipalities throughout the country. With the new regime, a free enterprise-oriented economy was established. The American encouraged the development of the already existing industries such as, pottery, blacksmithing and weaving.

In the latter part of December 1941, the Japanese occupied san Nicolas. The people had to evacuate to the rural areas. As a result, the Japanese issued an order for all evacuees to return home or be considered as bandits. The continuing resistance of the guerrillas against the enemies was sufficient enough for the construction of a ten-feet bamboo fence around the perimeter of the poblacion to protect both Japanese and Filipino officials of the Municipal Council.

On July 5, 1945, the town was finally liberated and the Commonwealth was restored. Dominador Madamba became its first Mayor under the Philippine Republic in 1948.

The town still enjoys monopoly of the earthenware industry. The abundance of plastic clay has made it possible for this Spanish legacy of pottery-making to flourish. It is also blessed with fertile agricultural lands that yield harvest of rice, corn, vegetables, fruits and other crops.

Website:  www.sannicolasilocosnorte.gov.ph

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