Second ‘Himala’ to make Paoay Sand Dunes alive with arts, music on May 10

Fun activities, soul-stirring music and art installations to be turned into giant campfires are set to enliven the famous Paoay Sand Dunes as the Province of Ilocos Norte’s ‘Himala’ (Miracle) festival comes back this May 10 in time for summer vacation. Named as ‘Himala sa Buhangin’, this biggest offbeat outdoor More »

New Filipino Cardinal comes home to Ilocos Norte

The people of Ilocos Norte welcomed Orlando Cardinal Quevedo March 30, 2014 when he visited his birthplace Laoag City. The former Archbishop of Cotabato was elevated as Cardinal to the Holy Roman Church last February 22 at the Vatican and is considered the first Ilocano Cardinal. Download hi-res photos here: http://bit.ly/1hbe7HH More »

Accenture looking to expand to Ilocos Norte

Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos meets with the heads of Accenture who are in the province March 27 to assess its potential for establishing a business process outsourcing center. Download high-res version of these photos with captions in our flickr.com page here. (PGIN CMO Photo / Alaric A. Yanos) More »

PGIN launches “Saguip Nars” program to employ nurses

The “Saguip Nars” Program of the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte was launched on March 28 in Laoag City. The program aims to employ registered nurses in Ilocos Norte and deploy them to different barangays. The nurses in turn will get a chance to accrue the minimum two years clinical More »

Gov. Imee Marcos meets with Jaime Zobel de Ayala and the AC Energy team

Governor Imee met with Jaime Zobel de Ayala of Ayala Corporation today, March 27, 2014, at the Ilocos Norte Capitol. Ayala is in the province to inspect the construction of the 200 megawatt wind energy project in Caparispisan, Pagudpud. Download the hi-res photos from PGIN’s Flickr.com photostream. Click here: http://bit.ly/1rD45Im Photos by More »

Ilocos Norte’s global art heroine reveals path to success

“Everyone possesses talents before even being born to the world. Other people just either forgot them or failed to put them in good use,” said Lucia Najera Mangapit Valdez, the Batac-born global painter and fashion designer who stunned the world during the post-war era. Having nurtured an array of talents More »

Ilocos Norte among the Top Rice Producers in PH

For the second time, the Province of Ilocos Norte was recognized as one of the top 12 Agri-Pinoy Rice Achievers in the country for its commitment in attaining high rice self-sufficiency. Launched on 2011 by the Department of Agriculture, the Agri-Pinoy Rice Achievers Awards aims to encourage the full support More »

2nd Triathlon event in Ilocos Norte goes ultimate for promoting wellness

While its tourism industry remains robust, Ilocos Norte also proves to be an ideal venue of international sports events through hosting another edition of triathlon race, the “Ultimate Tri Ilocos Norte” on March 22 and 23, 2014. The event which was originally launched in March 2013 becomes bigger and more More »

Young Ilocanos embrace the 600-year old “Guling” tradition

Each year, more and more young Ilocanos are observed engaging themselves to participate at the magnificent celebration of Guling-Guling, a festival depicting the age-old tradition of the people of Paoay, Ilocos Norte. The festivitiy which is traditionally held the day before the Ash Wednesday marks the last day when the townsfolk More »

Of old and new: “Guling-Guling” shines through centuries

Fat Tuesday, which marks the last merriment among Catholics before the start of the Lent season, has been a tradition widely forgotten by many Filipinos except for the people of the heritage town of Paoay, Ilocos Norte, who have altogether upheld a localized version for centuries. Guling-guling Festival is a More »

Ilocano onion growers’ income improved thru support from prov’l gov’t

The contribution made through the stipend distributed by the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte to the local vegetable farmers has now manifested when Wilfredo Valdez, the president of the Vegetable Growers Association (VGA) of Region 1 revealed that there is already 40% increase in his revenue in growing “lasona”, a More »

More than 4,000 students undergo PGIN’s Free Career Counseling

With its aim to assist students in making crucial decisions for their career pursuits, the free Career Counseling Roadshow, which was spearheaded by the Provincial Public Employment Service Office (PESO) in cooperation with Sirib Express and De La Salle University (DLSU), has successfully catered to more than 4,000 high school More »

San Nicolas

San Nicolas, Ilocos NorteAbout the Seal

Shield, derived from the Provincial Seal of Ilocos Norte

Gear, symbolizes the systematic livelihood of the people of San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte

Tong and Hammer, represents the blacksmithing and labor

Jar, signifies the pottery industry which dates back to the Spanish time

Hide, denotes tannoing and leather craft

Water, represents the irrigation system that produces two croppings a year

Carabao Head, the common work-animal; friend of the farmer; symbolizes agriculture

Brief History

San Nicolas is located on the western portion of Ilocos Norte. West of the town lies a portion of Laoag City and Paoay while on the east, lie Sarrat and a part of Batac. It has a land area of 40.18 square kilometres, with a population of 29,083 in 1995.

The town was established as the first visita of Ilocos Norte in 1584. Originally, it was a visita of Laoag which was known by the name of Caluntian. In 1617, Caluntian was separated from its matrix which is Laoag. This paved the way for the town to become independent parish under the new name San Nicolas, the titular patron.

Like other towns founded by the Spaniard, San Nicolas was not sparerd from paying tribute and rendering polo or forced labor and complying with bandala, the compulsory sale of rice, hemp and other farm products to the government. In 1788, its people participated in the revolts against Spanish authorities which was brought about by the tobacco monopoly. It was one of the most onerous economic systems being implemented during that time. Bloodshed was averted. However, it was only in 1882 that the monopoly was abolished.

When the Americans came, the town did not easily submit to the new colonizers. Ambushes were staged time and again at a bridged in San Lorenzo. Eventually they were defeated. From 1903 to 1909, the town was merged again with Laoag, a measure to economize the administration and supervision of municipalities throughout the country. With the new regime, a free enterprise-oriented economy was established. The American encouraged the development of the already existing industries such as, pottery, blacksmithing and weaving.

In the latter part of December 1941, the Japanese occupied san Nicolas. The people had to evacuate to the rural areas. As a result, the Japanese issued an order for all evacuees to return home or be considered as bandits. The continuing resistance of the guerrillas against the enemies was sufficient enough for the construction of a ten-feet bamboo fence around the perimeter of the poblacion to protect both Japanese and Filipino officials of the Municipal Council.

On July 5, 1945, the town was finally liberated and the Commonwealth was restored. Dominador Madamba became its first Mayor under the Philippine Republic in 1948.

The town still enjoys monopoly of the earthenware industry. The abundance of plastic clay has made it possible for this Spanish legacy of pottery-making to flourish. It is also blessed with fertile agricultural lands that yield harvest of rice, corn, vegetables, fruits and other crops.

Website:  www.sannicolasilocosnorte.gov.ph

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