MMSU wins FEM Intercollegiate Debate Tournament 2015

Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) – Batac emerged as champion after defeating Northern Christian College (NCC) in this year’s Ferdinand E. Marcos (FEM) Intercollegiate Debate Tournament held on September 16 at the Provincial Capitol Auditorium. The final round focused on the motion “This house believes that all public utility vehicles More »

Gov. Marcos, JICA conducts aerial inspection, seek for quick mobilization of dikes ravaged by typhoon ‘Ineng’

After conducting series of aerial inspections days after typhoon ‘Ineng’ hit the province, Governor Imee Marcos requested for further assessment of the damaged dike systems particularly of the Madongan Dam in Solsona and Sabo Dam in Nueva Era on September 10, 2015. The inspection team included Ms. Misaki Kawaguchi, Japan More »

PGIN estimates agriculture, infrastructure damage from ‘Ineng’ now at P 2 B

Agriculture and infrastructure damage in Ilocos Norte has now climbed up to more than P 2 billion after Typhoon ‘Ineng’ ravaged the province over the weekend, latest report from the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction Management and Resiliency Council (PDRRMRC) showed. Agriculture recorded an estimated P89 million worth of damage while More »

Governor Marcos continues aerial inspection, relief operation in far-flung areas ravaged by Typhoon ‘Ineng’

Aerial rounds in the far-flung municipalities of Nueva Era and Adams conducted by Governor Imee R. Marcos on August 28, Friday showed that more infrastructures were severely damaged after Typhoon ‘Ineng’ hit Ilocos Norte over the weekend. As the inspection yesterday showed that a great extent of the dike system More »

‘RAKENROL’ musical play to highlight Marcos Fiesta celebration

In celebration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos’ 98th birthday anniversary, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) will produce for the first time a full-length musical play dubbed as ‘RAKENROL’ on September 11, 2015, 7:00 PM at Mariano Marcos State University’s Teatro Ilocandia, Batac. ‘RAKENROL’, as director Jeremy dela Cruz described More »

Ilocos Norte’s youth program wins Galing Pook Awards 2015

Proving its continuing excellence in local governance in the past few years, the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) was cited as one of the ten Galing Pook 2015 awardees for its flagship youth program “Sirib Express.” Governor Imee Marcos led the capitol department heads and Sirib Express Staff in More »

Ilocos Norte set to celebrate Apo Lakay’s 98th birthday anniversary

Marking the 98th birthday anniversary of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos,—popularly known among Ilocanos as Apo Lakay—the Province of Ilocos Norte is set to conduct youth-engaging activities in honor of its favorite son starting this September 9. Da Real Makoy Literary and Musical Competition will open the weeklong celebration, a fitting More »

PGIN remains under red alert, more than 19,000 Ilocanos affected due to ‘Ineng’

Governor Imee R. Marcos ordered the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) to stay on red alert as efforts are intensified for the safety and early recovery of the province from the devastation brought by Typhoon ‘Ineng’ in the province over the weekend. Prompting local government officials to place the More »

Ilocos Norte placed under state of calamity due to typhoon Ineng

In the wake of the most recent typhoon ‘Ineng’ (international name: Goni), the Provincial Government of Ilocos Norte (PGIN) has declared Ilocos Norte under state of calamity following a total estimated worth of damages of Php 456,878,938.65 has been recorded as of August 23, 2015. According to the Provincial Disaster More »

Power cut off in entire Ilocos Norte due to ‘Ineng’

As Typhoon ‘Ineng’ downed electric transmission lines and toppled numerous electric poles, Governor Imee Marcos is appealing to the Department of Energy (DOE), National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP), Energy Development Corporation-Burgos (EDC), North Luzon Renewable Energy Corporation (NLREC), Northwind and several power companies to help in the immediate More »

Ilocos Norte under state of calamity, seeks help for Typhoon ‘Ineng’ damages

After being declared under state of calamity on Saturday reporting a nearly P500 million damage to Ilocos Norte’s agriculture and infrastructure, the Provincial Government is seeking for immediate assistance from the national government to restore the damages caused by Typhoon Ineng which struck Northern Luzon on Thursday, August 20, 2015. More »

PGIN strengthens support to Ilocano farmers, launches KSK program

Over 50 Ilocano farmers will be undergoing a 12-week training on advanced agricultural technology as Governor Imee R. Marcos in partnership with SM Foundation launched the batch 94 of the Kabalikat sa Kabuhayan (KSK) training program on July 15 at VL Farms, Laoag City, Ilocos Norte. “We aim to upgrade More »

San Nicolas

San Nicolas, Ilocos NorteAbout the Seal

Shield, derived from the Provincial Seal of Ilocos Norte

Gear, symbolizes the systematic livelihood of the people of San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte

Tong and Hammer, represents the blacksmithing and labor

Jar, signifies the pottery industry which dates back to the Spanish time

Hide, denotes tannoing and leather craft

Water, represents the irrigation system that produces two croppings a year

Carabao Head, the common work-animal; friend of the farmer; symbolizes agriculture

Brief History

San Nicolas is located on the western portion of Ilocos Norte. West of the town lies a portion of Laoag City and Paoay while on the east, lie Sarrat and a part of Batac. It has a land area of 40.18 square kilometres, with a population of 29,083 in 1995.

The town was established as the first visita of Ilocos Norte in 1584. Originally, it was a visita of Laoag which was known by the name of Caluntian. In 1617, Caluntian was separated from its matrix which is Laoag. This paved the way for the town to become independent parish under the new name San Nicolas, the titular patron.

Like other towns founded by the Spaniard, San Nicolas was not sparerd from paying tribute and rendering polo or forced labor and complying with bandala, the compulsory sale of rice, hemp and other farm products to the government. In 1788, its people participated in the revolts against Spanish authorities which was brought about by the tobacco monopoly. It was one of the most onerous economic systems being implemented during that time. Bloodshed was averted. However, it was only in 1882 that the monopoly was abolished.

When the Americans came, the town did not easily submit to the new colonizers. Ambushes were staged time and again at a bridged in San Lorenzo. Eventually they were defeated. From 1903 to 1909, the town was merged again with Laoag, a measure to economize the administration and supervision of municipalities throughout the country. With the new regime, a free enterprise-oriented economy was established. The American encouraged the development of the already existing industries such as, pottery, blacksmithing and weaving.

In the latter part of December 1941, the Japanese occupied san Nicolas. The people had to evacuate to the rural areas. As a result, the Japanese issued an order for all evacuees to return home or be considered as bandits. The continuing resistance of the guerrillas against the enemies was sufficient enough for the construction of a ten-feet bamboo fence around the perimeter of the poblacion to protect both Japanese and Filipino officials of the Municipal Council.

On July 5, 1945, the town was finally liberated and the Commonwealth was restored. Dominador Madamba became its first Mayor under the Philippine Republic in 1948.

The town still enjoys monopoly of the earthenware industry. The abundance of plastic clay has made it possible for this Spanish legacy of pottery-making to flourish. It is also blessed with fertile agricultural lands that yield harvest of rice, corn, vegetables, fruits and other crops.


Leave a Reply